Little about the Uyghurs

Posted by adgag adgadgvadgv on Tuesday, March 22, 2011

In the middle of the desert landscapes of Taklamakan, in the northern-western part of China, the land of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is a least populated land whereas it covers close to a sixth from the country's territory. Getting resisted during centuries the Han Chinese domination, Xinjiang, or Old Eastern Turkistan, fell within the Chinese Han domination in 1949. From then, its population is mostly Uyghur People and Turkic - speaking System.


Portraits of the Uyghur People of Xinjiang by franceseattle


Muslim primarily, the Uyghurs have a solid religious identification which, in specific, enabled them to keep a strong big difference towards the Chinese invader. In fact, the Uyghur Kingdom of Mongolia knew a excellent civilization, until its absorption by the Mongolian Empire in the XIIIth century.


Prayer Time by susanhardman


During their historical past, the Uyghurs successively taken on Shamanism, Manicheism, Buddhism and the Nestorianism before finally changing to Islam when the Arab conquerors beat the Chinese in year 751 BC., therefore opening the way to the Islamization of the whole Central Asia.


Under the effect of the religions which they taken on, Uyghur People taken successively, and sometimes in a competing way, a great number of written forms (turco-runic, brahmi, tokharien, soghdien) before developing their own unique graphic system.



Uyghur  Alphabet by turtle5001tw

The entrance of Islam was a great modification mainly because it was accompanied by the absorption of the Uyghur land in the enormous Turco-Mongolian and Muslim Empire. Thus, the descendants of Genghis Khan progressively replaced their writing by a Arabo-Persan alphabet, still used these days.


If their own writing, their language and their religion mark a real difference with the tradition of Chinese Han, the Uyghurs also are different from their aspect, so aspect of Central Asia's people. A matt skin, eyes representing a whole pallet of colors, from black to deep blue, features going out to the Mongolian, Turkish or Uzbek origins of these men and these women.


Prayer by Pawel Maciejewski


For a few years, China has included the proper identity of these remote people, although they represent only 9 million population - a trifle for this particular great country. So, Uyghur people are now part of the 56 racial minority groups having been well known in an official way by China.


This particular statute allows them a few rights in a land exactly where their difference is very often repressed. Therefore, Uyghur people escape the "single child policy" and their language is known as the second official language in Xinjiang.


The integration of the Uyghurs and their culture in the People's Republic of China, however, seems very illusory. The presence of all-natural sources in Xinjiang, and its area with locations known as very sensitive, highly encouraged the government to speed up the sinicization of this area. Million of Han thus came to settle in this new Chinese eldorado, monopolizing the larger responsibility work opportunities.


In reaction to this true will to assimilate the Uyghurs into the Chinese culture, an independent party like East Turkistan Islamic Movement(ETIM) was born in the early 1990.

Saying more flexibility, but in particular the recognition of their true identity, this movement was seriously repressed by the power authorities in location Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

The events of September 11, 2001, were the perfect occasion for the Chinese government to justify true reprisals: they declared the "Uyghur freedom fighters" as dangerous terrorists linked to Al Quaida because of their Muslim origins and their proximity with Pakistan and Afghanistan... However, the terrible repression which followed did not calm down the anger. The Uyghur peoples population continues today to proudly hold their identification and their culture , even though they become a minority on their own land.

To get more detailed information and facts about Uyghur people, you can visit a Uyghur website called Uyghur News at http://www.uyghurnews.com

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